By Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
This e-book will hide numerous subject matters to tricky how proteomics may well give a contribution in our knowing of mechanisms interested in pressure edition. the data being amassed by means of quite a lot of proteomics applied sciences may perhaps ultimately be used in breeding courses to augment rigidity tolerance. This e-book provides finished studies approximately responses of crop and cattle to environmental stresses. demanding situations regarding pressure phenotyping and integration of proteomics and different omics info have additionally been addressed.
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Additional info for Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses
A few proteomic studies were conducted to show the response of cereal root proteins on HM stress. In a study on rice root tissues, a dramatic decrease in the GSH levels was observed after short-term exposure of the roots to Cd, while no signiﬁcant difference in the GSH levels was detected in the control and Cd-treated leaf tissues . GSH is a major reservoir of non-protein thiols and plays a central role in the defense of plants against HMs and ROS . About half of the number of differentially expressed proteins under Cd stress in the rice roots are also found to be oxidative stress-related proteins or antioxidant enzymes.
L. Trinidad et al. forming GSH-Cu complexes. A Cu/Zn-SOD and a GLP were also observed to be upregulated in both varieties. Some GLPs are known to act as SODs, which are metalloenzymes that catalyze the dismutation of the highly reactive superoxide ions (OÁ− 2 ) to H2O2 and O2 [160, 161]. The induction of these proteins with SOD activity in Cu-stressed rice roots implies that they play a role in the ﬁrst line of defense against ROS. It is also interesting to note that four of the identiﬁed differentially expressed proteins were PR proteins which were upregulated in the roots of the Cu-tolerant variety.
Triose phosphates are the main carbon sources for sucrose synthesis in photosynthetic tissues, which are derived from Calvin cycle and are exported from chloroplast during the day. Sucrose:fructan 6-fructosyltransferase is involved in the synthesis of fructans. Fructans serve as the major form of carbohydrate reserves. Downregulation of these enzymes indicates that carbohydrates and energy consumption are reduced due to inhibition of photosynthesis under flooding conditions . Conversely, signiﬁcant induction of ADH was observed in maize roots under flood.
Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses by Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh