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Extra info for Advances in Risk Management of Government Debt
9 Budgetsmoothing is related to tax smoothing. For this reason, the likelihood of future changes in tax rates in response to economic disturbances is reduced when the debt strategy reduces the variability of the government’s budget balance. 3. 10 Debt-service costs contribute to the variability of the budget balance via the debt-service costs’ own variability and the covariance of the debt-service costs and the primary budget balance. A reduction in the volatility of debtservice costs would – all other things being equal – dampen or reduce budget variability.
10. g. Alessandro Missale (1999) “Public Debt Management”, Oxford University Press. 11. g. ”, Working Paper, Department of Finance. 12. Given the fact that the primary budget normally co-varies with economic activity via both taxes and government expenditures. For further discussion on debt structure and risk see Henning Bohn (1995) “Comments on the UK Debt Structure”, Working Paper, University of California at Santa Barbara, and Robert J. Barro (1999) “Notes on Optimal Debt Management”, Working Paper, Harvard University.
Several countries indicated that they accept only cash as collateral; collateral in the form of securities typically involves government bonds. 2. 2 32 ● What is the scope of credit risk? A distinction can be made between sovereigns who limit credit risk to non-compliance with timely and full payments of interest and redemption, and those sovereigns who also include loss of market value due to creditworthiness problems, irrespective of whether the loss has been realised. Some sovereigns consider counterparts’ credit rating downgrades in themselves to be a credit risk, irrespective of whether a direct loss or loss of market value has occurred.
Advances in Risk Management of Government Debt by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation a