By A. D. C. Macknight (auth.), Professor Dr. R. Gilles, Dr. E. K. Hoffmann, Dr. L. Bolis (eds.)
Advances in Compararative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists continue song of the large literature within the box. offering accomplished, built-in reports and sound, serious, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a must for all lively researchers in environmental and comparative body structure. mobile quantity and osmolality in animals is a good studied subject and this particular quantity within the sequence offers the reader with a radical grounding during this zone of body structure. inclusive of elements, the textual content discusses osmolality and quantity keep an eye on when it comes to either inorganic and natural ions which consequently provides a superb evaluation to these operating and attracted to this field.
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Additional resources for Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology: Volume and Osmolality Control in Animal Cells
The variety of processes used by the different epithelial preparations to stabilize cell volume tends to lend some credence to the view that volume regulation per se is an important cellular process. Fourthly, what is the explanation for the very different patterns of behaviour in different epithelia in response to a step change in medium osmolarity? For example, Fig. 11 a illustrates the effects on the observed volume (expressed in each case as the fractional change from the normal volume) in rabbit renal proximal straight tubules and in frog skin, of diluting the bathing medium by some 50%.
Physiol Rev 69:315-382 Hoffmann EK, Lambert IH, Simonsen LO (1988) Mechanisms in volume regulation in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Renal Physiol Biochem 3-5:221-247 Holz GG, Rane SG, Dunlap K (1986) GTP-binding proteins mediate transmitter inhibition of voltage-dependent calcium channels. Nature (London) 319:670-672 Volume Regulation in Epithelia 39 Hopfer U, Liedtke CM (1987) Proton and bicarbonate transport mechanisms in the intestine. Annu Rev Physiol 49:51-67 Hughes PM, Macknight ADC (1976) The regulation of cell volume in renal cortical slices incubated in hyposmotic medium.
1988; Hoffmann and Simonsen 1989 for recent reviews of this topic). In many cases, activation of pathways for potassium chloride loss seems to limit swelling in hyposmotic media (this secondary adjustment of cell volume is often referred to as volume regulatory decrease, or VRD), whereas stimulation of chloride uptake pathways (often the Na-K-2Cl co-transporter) is deemed responsible for cell solute accumulation in hyperosmotic media (often referred to as volume regulatory increase, or VRI). Absorptive epithelia, in which the effects of anisosmotic media have been studied, include frog skin (Ussing 1982, 1985, 1986), toad urinary bladder (Lipton 1972; Bentley et al.
Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology: Volume and Osmolality Control in Animal Cells by A. D. C. Macknight (auth.), Professor Dr. R. Gilles, Dr. E. K. Hoffmann, Dr. L. Bolis (eds.)