By M. Brouwer, W.E.S. Carr, W. Ross Ellington, D.W. Engel, R.A. Gleeson, B. Korsgaard, T.S. Moerland, T. Mustafa, D.J. Prior, B.D. Sidell, K.C. Srivastava, H.G. Trapido-Rosenthal, R.E. Weber, R.W. Wiseman
Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists retain song of the wide literature within the box. offering finished, built-in experiences and sound, severe, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a must for all lively researchers in environmental and comparative physiology.
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1 (for recent reviews see Levitzki 1986, Barnard et al. 1987, Gilman 1987, Dolphin 1987). The procedures of biochemistry, physiology, and molecular pharmacology, long used in studies with internal signal molecules, are now being applied in studies of external chemosensory systems. Consequently it has become apparent that the analogies between the substances serving as behavioral stimulants in lower organisms, and also as transmitters or hormones in various organisms (see Table 1), are more than just anecdotal.
Further, the metamorphic events induced by these exogenous chemicals are often mediated by the larval nervous system. The ability of specific chemicals to initiate metamorphosis suggests that the interface between the exogenous signals and the larval nervous system is provided by chemoreceptors (Chia and Koss 1982; Burke 1983). Moreover, it has been proposed that these chemoreceptors bear an ancestral relationship to some of the internal receptors for neurotransmitters (Lenhoff and Heagy 1977; Morse et al.
1978; Cusack et al. 1983; Pearson 1985); secondly, the adenosine so generated is then internalized by a specific uptake system involving facilitated diffusion (Hertz 1978; Bender et al. 1981; Kreutzberg et al. 1983). A similar two-step scheme for the processing of adenine nucleotides has been revealed in the olfactory sensilla of the lobster P. argus (Trapido-Rosenthal et al. 1987). 2 fmollsensillumlmin. Evidence that extracellular dephosphorylation of adenine nucleotides to adenosine precedes uptake was obtained in double-label experiments in which it was shown that 3H from adeninelabeled AMP and ATP is internalized, whereas 32p from the phosphate-labeled nucleotides is not (Fig.
Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology by M. Brouwer, W.E.S. Carr, W. Ross Ellington, D.W. Engel, R.A. Gleeson, B. Korsgaard, T.S. Moerland, T. Mustafa, D.J. Prior, B.D. Sidell, K.C. Srivastava, H.G. Trapido-Rosenthal, R.E. Weber, R.W. Wiseman