By W. T. Stace
The traditional Greek philosophers have performed a pivotal position within the shaping of the western philosophical culture. This publication surveys the seminal works and concepts of key figures within the historic Greek philosophical culture from the Presocratics to the Neoplatonists. It highlights their major philosophical issues and the evolution of their inspiration from the 6th century BCE to the 6th century CE.
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Extra resources for A Critical History of Greek Philosophy
14 As we will see, the unity ofthese themes comes to light when Nietzsche's thought of the etemal recurrence is examined in terms of the unthought question that it raises: the question of Being and Time (cf. NI, p. 20). Here Nietzsehe rejoins Plato and Aristotle, who also thought Being as Time in terms of their thinking Being as ousia (presence), and he brings to completion the tradition which they began. , Being as Time] but does not think it as the question of Being and Time" (N I, p. 20). It is the question of Being and Time, which is to say, the question of the Truth of Being, that remains unthought in Nietzsehe as in Plato and Aristotle, and it is only through the thinking of this question as a question that metaphysics will be overcome.
The essence of value, Heidegger concludes, lies in its being a point-of-view (Gesichtspunkt) and, as such, there is a fundamental ambiguity which resides at the essence of value: "as a point-of-view, value is posited at any given time by a seeing and for a seeing" (NW, p. 71). In other words, to be a "point-of-view" can mean two things: to be a point from which a view is to be had, in the sense of avantage-point, standingpoint, or subjective opinion; or to be a point which is in view, the focal point of an act of seeing.
An advocate speaksjar something; he is a spokesman who advocates. An advocate also speaks "for the benefit of, or in behalf of," that is, an advocate is the spokesman for what cannot speak in its own behalf. " Zarathustra is an advocate in this threefold sense as "the man who interprets and explains that of and for which he speaks" (NZ, p. 64). But what does Zarathustra advocate? Heidegger quotes Nietzsehe: "I, Zarathustra, the advocate of life, the advocate of suffering, the advocate of the circle" (Z, "The Convalescent," 1).
A Critical History of Greek Philosophy by W. T. Stace